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This study aims to find out farmer participations rate in the use of cooperative services and the relationship between internal factors and external factors with the participation farmers. This research was carried out during May 2018 with the number of samples 66 oil palm farmers in kongbeng, east kutai. The data analysis technique used is descriptive statistics and Rank Spearman correlation. The results showed the level of farmer participation on utilization of the services of smallholder oil palm plantation cooperatives is in the high category. Utilization of cooperative services in the form of transportation and marketing of palm oil products to cooperative partner companies, providing loan recommendations to banks and procurement of non-subsidized plantation production facilities. Internal factors that are significantly related to farmer participation, namely the areable land and the length of time being a member of the cooperative. External factors that are significantly related to farmer participation are farmer group support and local government support.
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