• Sri - Utami Kutai Kartanegara University


This research is aimed to analyze the students ability in making hyponyms. As we know, one of the most significant aspects in language development is vocabulary, because it is a key to all language expressions, either oral or written. There are many ways to increase vocabulary, one of the ways is by making hyponyms of various super ordinates (super ordinates are general concept that cover items). So, by making hyponyms of super ordinates could help develop vocabularies. This study used descriptive qualitative design focused on the analysis of the students works on hyponyms. This study assigned 10 students as the subject of the study. Data of this study were the students answers in vocabulary test about making hyponyms of six super ordinates, including: vegetables, animals, fruits, flowers, things in the kitchen, and parts of humans body. Data were analyzed according to the focus of analyses, they were: (1) the number of hyponyms made by the students; (2) the spelling forms of hyponyms made by the students; (3) whether or not the students can give the Indonesian meanings of hyponyms that they made. The results of this research are as follows: (1) The total hyponyms made by the students were 455 hyponyms; (2) The spelling forms of hyponyms made by the students were two kinds, they were correct and incorrect spelling forms: the correct spellings were 402 words and the incorrect spellings were 53 words of 455 hyponyms; (3) All students could give Indonesian meanings for the hyponyms they wrote, but some meanings given were not appropriate, the total appropriate meanings were 421 meanings and the total not appropriate meanings were 33 meanings. Generally, they could write correct spelling of hyponyms and could give appropriate Indonesian meanings of the hyponyms that they made. Even though some students were weak in giving hyponyms of particular super ordinates tested and also the hyponyms that they wrote were mostly general and commonly known and used words, those words were have been familiar in their daily vocabularies, in conclusion, the second semester students of English Department under study were able in increasing their vocabularies by giving hyponyms of some super ordinates tested.

Keywords: analysis, hyponyms, super ordinates, spelling forms.


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